The importance of forensic science is primarily associated with crime and crime scene investigations. However, have you ever wondered what the history of forensic science is? How did it start? When were forensic techniques first used? Who were the early forensic scientists?
What comes to your mind when you hear the word “forensic investigator”?
Doesn’t your brain immediately conjure up the impassive, dapper character sporting aviators and donning latex gloves?
You instantly start picturizing high-tech computers, UV lights, and criminal labs furnished with high-end equipment. Well, that is the image that the modern day crimes shows have created of a forensic investigator.
Interested to know the importance of forensic science over the ages? We have the answers right here.
Presenting the brief history of forensic science.
Tracing the Roots of the Importance of Forensic Science in Ancient Times
The history of forensic science awaits exploration as forensic science as a discipline was not much spoken about until recently. On increasing the cognizance of the subtle importance of forensic science in the past, one cannot but amp up the reverence for this field of science.
The word forensic has its origin from the Latin word “forensis” which stands for a forum.
Forensic Science is basically used in tandem with any discipline that has associations with the legal system. In a nutshell, forensic science is the application of scientific methods and principles to questions of law.Or, in layman’s terms, forensic science is a discipline used by a forensic investigator to solve crimes.
The Building Blocks in the History of Forensic Science – The Origin
Forensic science as a part of the modern-day criminal justice system is still in its formative years. Interestingly, the importance of forensic science dates back to some of the ancient civilizations.
The earliest application of forensic science dates back to the ancient Greek and Roman societies.
Those civilizations made significant contributions to the field of medicine, especiallyTheir research on the production, use, and symptoms of toxins made the study of their use in past murders possible.
Fingerprint Analysis – A major milestone in the History of Forensic Science
The technique of fingerprint analysis to link incidents to suspects was a major breakthrough in the forensic landscape in 1880.
Fingerprint analysis resulted from the groundbreaking theory established by Henry Faulds and William James Herschel from the uniqueness of fingerprints. This study received a huge support from experts all over the world and was later accepted as a crucial evidence in the legal system.
The ancient Chinese used fingerprint analysis for the identification of business documents.
It was Francis Galton and Edward Henry who actually implemented Herschel’s fingerprinting practices in criminal investigations. Sir Francis Galton started the first system for classifying fingerprints.
Sir Edward Henry, the commissioner of the Metropolitan Police of London, used the direction, flow, pattern and other characteristics in fingerprints to develop his own system of fingerprint analysis.
Now, the Henry Classification System is the standard for criminal fingerprint analysis techniques worldwide.